36th Division in World War I

Chapter III:
Camp Bowie
Continued

 

FOOTNOTES

1 Star-Telegram, August 29, 30, October 12, 14, 21, November 1, 18, 25, 28, December 18, 29, 1917, January 26, April 10, 1918; Donaldson to AG of the Army, December 19, 1917, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Daily Oklahoman, September 27, October 17, November 15, 1917, February 17, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-Sixth," 15-16; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 35-36; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 64-68.

2 In the spring of 1918, the base hospital numbered 74 buildings and had beds for 1,378 patients. It was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel L. H. Hanson. Memorandum of Hanson for division surgeon, June 15, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, April 26, 1918.

3 Donaldson to AG of the Army, December 19, 1917, Historical File, Training Memorandum No. 81, Camp Bowie, March 29, 1918, Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, Letter of Metcalfe, June 15, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, September 25, 27, October 5, 8, 28, November 12, 18, 20, 27, 30, December 3, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14,15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29,1917, January 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11, 21, February 2, 4, 8, March 24, April 10, 1918; Dallas Morning News, March 10, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, September 16, 23, December 6, 1917; Hart, Company K, 19-20; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 8 1; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 16-18; Hill, History of the National Guard, 273. Spence gives figures showing that 216 men died from September through December, 1917, 6 from meningitis and the rest from pneumonia or a combination of measles and pneumonia.

4 War Journal for 36th Division, Historical File, Training Memorandum No. 60, Camp Bowie, March 24, 1918, Historical File, Lists of Shortages, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Trail Log, May 1, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, January 18, February 17, March 19, 24, 1918; Star-Telegram, December 24, 26,28, 29, 1917, January 5, 14,20, 26,31, February 13,17, 22, March 8, 12, 13, April 19, 27, May 2, 23, June 8, July 5, 1918, January 12, March 18, 1919; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 106; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 18; Constance M. Green, Harry C. Thomson, and Peter C. Roots, The Ordnance Department: Planning Munitions for War (Washington, D. C., 1955), 24-25; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 134-135. Vickers, Lewis, and Hotchkiss machine guns were utilized in training in addition to the types mentioned in the text.

5 Pass In Review, January 15, February 15, June 15, 1918; Trail Log, May 1, 1919; Dallas Morning News, March 24, June 9, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, March 19, 1918; Star-Telegram, November 1, 11, 1917, January 26, February 10, 13, 24, March 7, 17, 20, April 10, 18, May 17, 23, June 2, 7, 8, 1918; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 35-37.

6 Training Memorandums, passim, Camp Bowie, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, October 4, 5, 10, 21, November 1, 1917, January 13, February 9, 12, 14, 16, March 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 24, April 3, 5, 16, 21, 26, 28, 29, May 3, 9, 10, 13, 15, 26, 30, June 2, 5, 17, 23, July 28, October 21, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, January 20, March 17, 24, May 5,9,26,1918; Dallas Morning News, April 23, May 23, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirtysixth," 26.

7 Donaldson to AG of the Army, December 19, 1917, Historical File, Memorandums and Training Memorandums, passim, Camp Bowie, Historical File and Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Daily Oklahoman, November 28, December 22, 1917, February 10, March 10, 1918; Star-Telegram, October 28, November 3, 13, 21, 22, 23, December 1, 9, 24, 1917, January 4, February 7, March 9, 24, 27, April 4, May 6, 8, 13, 19, June 3, 7, 19, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 40; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 18- 19.

8 Correspondence relating to efficiency of officers, December, 1917, June, 1918, Roster of Officers, September, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Correspondence relating to efficiency of officers, June, 1918, Project Files, 1917-1925, 36th Division, Records of the AG Office, RG 407, National Archives; Star-Telegram, September 20, October 7, 9, 28, November 18, December 7, 27, 1917, January 4, 8, 31, February 2, 22, 27, March 29, April 7, July 13, 1918; Pass In Review, January 31, 1918; Dallas Morning News, April 27, June 21,1918; Daily Oklahoman, March 10, 19, May 26, 1918; Hart, Company K, 30-3 1; White, "Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, 14; Data relating to Delamater, Elliott, and Rains, Texas Adjutant General’s Department. Elliott, who was discharged, reentered the army as a major and served at Camp Pike, Arkansas.

9 John J. Pershing, My Experiences in the World War (2 vols., New York, 1931), I, 193-194; Letter of Commanding General, British Fourth Army, February 20, 1918, Pershing Papers, RG 200 (formerly 316), National Archives, copy furnished by Dale E. Floyd, Military Archives Division, National Archives, who searched the Pershing Papers for the author but found no report by Greble among those of the other major generals; Star-Telegram, December 16, 1917, March 13, 14, May 5,1918; Dallas Morning News, March 14,1918; Daily Oklahoman, March 13,17, 24, June 30, 1918; Pass In Review, March 15, 31, 1918; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 142, 370; White, "Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, 16-17.

10 Star-Telegram, August 26, September 6, 14, 1917, January 13, 27, March 10, 13,14,24, July 14,16,1918; Daily Oklahoman, March 13,24,1918; White, "Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, 14-19. Wolters served as a brigadier general in the new Texas National Guard. Houston Chronicle (Texas), March 31, April 10, 16, 1918.

11 Training Memorandum No. 62, March 3, 1918, Camp Bowie, Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, Training Memorandum No. 67, April 2, 1918, Camp Bowie, Historical File, Letter of Metcalfe, June 15, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, September 9, 14, 19, 24, 26, October 15, 16, 18,27, 31, November 2,4,11, 18, 1917, January 2, 14, February 2, 8, 10, 11, 15, 16, 22, March 3, 4, 11, 16,17, 18, 23, April 21, 29, June 12, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, September 13, 1917, January 19, April 16, 1918; Texahoma Bugler (Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, Texas), November 23, 1917; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 12; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 76-77, 80-8 1; Raymond B. Fosdick, Chronicle of a Generation: An Autobiography (New York, 1958), 135-161.

12 Star-Telegram, June 13, 16, 17, July 12, 27, August 1, 5, 16, 17, 19, September 9, 16, 19, 30, October 2, 7, 11, 21, 28, November 4, 18, 21, 25, December 30, 1917, January 18, 19, 20, 27, February 4, 10, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28, March 4, 5, 6, 7, 16, 18,22, 28, 3 1, April 1, 4, 5, 14, 23, 26, May 2, 5, 12, 16, 19, 24, 25, 30, June 13, 23, 29, August 4, December 7, 1918; Dallas Morning News, March 4, 13, June 9, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, July 1, August 15, September 13, October 17, December 26, 1917; Files of Texahoma Bugler, 1917, and Pass In Review, 1918, in Fort Worth Public Library; Letter of John A. White, May 12, 1918, in possession of author; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 77-80; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 149-151, 154. It is perhaps worthy of note that the City of Weatherford put the welcome mat out for the artillerymen and machine gunners at Camp Joffre.

13 Star-Telegram, November 4, 18, 1917, January 5, 20, March 10, 11, 13, 16, April 14, 28, 29, 30, May 12, June 21, October 20, 1918; Logan to Blakely, November 7, 1917, Concert, February 11, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, Training Memorandum No. 31, December 21, 1917, Training Memorandum No. 70, April 4, 1918, Camp Bowie, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives. The Star-Telegram, 1917-1918, contains, in addition to those in the issues cited, numerous references to the 36th bands and singers, especially the former.

14 Star-Telegram, October 7, November 1, 3, 4,1917, January 1, 2,5, 6, 14, 26, 27, 31, February 4, 5, 11, 16, March 5, 7, 16,26, 28, 31, April 14, 16, 17, 19, May 29,31, June 4, 21, 30, September 24, November 22, 1918, January 26, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, May 14, 1918.

15 Star-Telegram, June 10, August 5, September 26, October 3, 7, 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 28, 29, November 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 23, 25 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, December 4, 5, 9, 14, 17, 1917; March 9, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, November 7, 18, 1917.

16 Star-Telegram, August 5, September 9, 26, 1917, February 3, 10, March 8, 10, 18, May 19, 20, June 22, 26, 29, July 1, 7, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, September 9, 1917; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 20.

17 Questionnaires of James D. Gibson, Charles H. Powell, Earley E. Bagett, and Paul R. Tilley, World War I Survey, 36th Division, U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania; Memorandum No. 102, Camp Bowie, Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Daily Oklahoman, March 10, 24, 1918; Pass In Review, March 31, 1918; Camp Bowie photographs, Box 2J464, World War I Collection, Archives, University of Texas, Austin; Star-Telegram, September 4, 9, 10, 21, 30, October 11, 14, November 24, 25, 28, 1917, January 27, 3 1, March 1, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 29, April 4, 18, 25, 26, 28, May 2, 3, 13, 14, June 11, July 5, 1918; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 48.

18 Memorandum No. 81, March 29, 1918, Camp Bowie, Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Questionnaires of Gibson, Powell, Bagett, and Tilley, World War I Survey, 36th Division, U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania; Letter of John A. White, October 21, 1918, in possession of author; Star-Telegram, September 16, 1917, February 7, 27, March 1, May 7, 9, 10, 20, 3 1, June 13, 21, 24, July 1, 7, 14, October 13, 1918, January 10, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, April 26, 1918.

19 Star-Telegram, September 9, December 30, 1917, January 27, 30, 3 1, February 4, March 1, 13, 23, April 10, 12, June 27, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, February 2, 1918. The Latin translation of the 36th motto as inscribed on the insignia was "Acheronta Repugnante Vincemus."

20 Star-Telegram, August 4, November 8, 9, 15 21, 22, 1917, February 23, 26, March 11, 2 1, April 7, 10, 11, May 9, 10, 12, 16, 19, 20, June 1, 5, 13, July 6, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, February 25, 27, March 10, April 11, 12, 14, 1918; Dallas Morning News, April 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, May 12, 29, 1918; Arrow Head (Yonne, France), April 11, 1919; Souvenir Program of the Military Review, April 11, 1918, Fort Worth Public library.

21 Training Memorandums Nos. 66 and 86, March 26, June 5, 1918, Camp Bowie, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, January 18, 19, 23, 28, February 11, 24, March 2l, 24, 28, 29, April 11, June 9, 13, 23, 28, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, February 25, June 16,1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 27-28; White, "Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, 18; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 143.

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Panthers to Arrowheads: The 36th (Texas-Oklahoma) Division In World War I
by Lonnie J. White
Copyright 1984 1998 by Military History Associates, Inc.
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