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Morning Reports:

When the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis caught fire in 1973 the destruction of 80% of all Army and Army Air Corps personnel records from 1912-1964 was a huge blow. People looking to research their relatives service are left with few resources to try and find details of service.

One of the items which can help reconstruct WWII era service is the Morning Report. In this blog post we explain what a Morning Report is and how to read it.

Company K, 142nd Infantry Regiment September 9, 1943

The Morning Report is the daily record of a unit. It includes soldiers by name and service number and includes information about anything which effects the individual soldiers of the unit. This includes being wounded or missing, being ill, going AWOL, being promoted or demoted in rank and being added or transferred away from the unit.

In the example above dated September 9, 1943 from Company K, 142nd Infantry Regiment we have 2 officers who were on duty (dy) and have been sent to the hospital (hosp) because they were severely injured (SW) in the line of duty (LD). Then there are 3 soldiers who were Killed in Action( a Staff Sgt and 2 privates). Next we have Private 1st Class Moore who went from duty to the hospital wounded in the line of duty severely with shrapnel on his right side. Finally we have PFC Johnson who had a severe gunshot wound to his nose.

Company C, 143rd Infantry Regiment, September 18, 1944

In this example from Company C, 143rd Infantry on September 18, 1944 we have a little bit different information. At the top there is PFC Adam Badabaugh, we also have his MOS or service classification in this case 745 which is a Rifleman. So PFC Badabaugh was assigned(asgd) to duty and joined (jd) as a Rifleman (745) to Company C.He had been transferred from Headquarters, 1st Battalion as of September 5, 1944. The other names on the card were all assigned and joined the unit as Rifleman from a replacement center as of September 18, 1944.

111th Medical Battalion Report for Company C, 143rd Infantry Regiment for August 25, 1944, page 1

There also can be documents from the Medical unit included in the reports. In this example from August 25, 1944 PFC Bob Puff has been sent to the hospital with a gunshot wound (GSW) which penetrated his left leg and PFC Swezey has a shell fragment wound ( SFW) which hit both his right arm and left shoulder. Lastly PFC Kelly took a gunshot wound to the left angle and thigh. The document also includes information on which evacuation hospital they were sent to.

Company C, 143rd Infantry Regiment December 25, 1944

There are also overview reports on the unit as a whole, this one from Christmas Day, 1944 shows that Company C, 143rd is located at grid coordinates WW0394, near Strasbourg, France and that on December 24th Company C was attacking enemy positions and took one enemy prisoner.

Company C 143rd Infantry Regiment August 1944

This list from early August includes information about which landing craft the unit was on and brief information about what they did each day.

The museum unfortunately does not have copies of Morning Reports. We have just a few example which 36th Division family members have shared with us. Morning Reports can be found at the St. Louis location of the National Archvies. https://www.archives.gov/personnel-records-center/military-personnel/morning-reports-and-unit-rosters-access You can go and copy them yourself or pay a researcher to do it for you. Reports are available for many units and time periods.

This site has a very helpful list of abbreviations which are commonly found on Morning Reports : http://103divwwii.usm.edu/assets/mr-abbreviations.pdf and this site: https://militaryyearbookproject.com/references/old-mos-codes/wwii-era/army-wwii-codes/army-mos-codes-wwii-era has WWII MOS codes.

If you have any comments or questions please email us at txmilmuseum@gmail.com

Colonel Oran Stovall
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2019 Mabry Monster MASH and Jeepers Creepers Rally

The Texas Military Forces Historical Foundation, a 501 3 c which supports the museum will be holding a Jeep Rally and “Monster MASH” fundraising event on Saturday October 26, 2019 .

There will be a Jeep rally from noon to 5 pm, with vehicle judging, dealers, parts and accessories and door prizes.

From 5pm to 10 pm there will be live music, beer and custom cocktails, food trucks and much more.

Please see their website for more details Moster MASH Info

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Close Assault 1968

Our Close Assault program this spring will honor our nation’s Vietnam Veterans… many of whom joined the Guard after their regular Army service.

Remember the true meaning of Memorial Day with this back at the Vietnam War. Close Assault 1968 honors the service and sacrifice of America’s veterans. The free program features members of the Texas Military Forces Living History Detachment exhibiting the uniform and equipment worn by the American soldiers. In addition, the two-day event will provide guests the opportunity to witness firing demonstrations and watch an assault on a bunker with an M113.

The event will take place RAIN or SHINE. Bleacher seating is available. Showtimes are at 11 am and 2 pm each day. The program runs for about 1.5 hours. The museum will be open 10-4 each day. Both the program and admission to the museum are FREE.

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Museum Renovation

September 20 update: The museum front door is again open for business!

August 26 update: work is largely complete but a few small items are keeping us from being able to reopen the main doors. Currently we are looking at mid September. We will keep you updated.

July 16 update: We are still on track for having main doors back open soon.

We are in the home stretch. New doors went into today, June 25, 2019. We hope to be substantially complete in about 1 month.

New front door with canopy and lights
New Front Door
Looking out from new front doors

This month the museum has begun much anticipated renovations. The updates will include new loading docks, changes to the museum offices, new entrances and exits for the Hall of Honor and a brand new main entrance door.

This construction is scheduled to go on through the end of June although we hope that the bulk of it will be done by April.

During Construction the old main door is closed. The means that all visitors will have to come through the far North door of the building. see images below.

We apologize for the inconvenience and at some times the work will be very loud. We are doing our best to have as little impact as possible on the visitors. We will remain open during the entire process and cannot wait to show off all the wonderful changes which will not only improve the look of the museum but will provide much need health and safety updates.

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Monday-Open

Although the museum is normally closed to the public on Monday’s, we will be open this Monday January 8, 2019 from 10-4.

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Veteran’s Day

Again this year we will present out reenactment program- Close Assault 1944 over Veteran’s Day weekend. Showtimes are at 11 am and 2 pm each day- Saturday November 10 and Sunday November 11

World War I Gallery

Also this weekend we will open up our WWI gallery which is under construction. Although not completely finished you will be able to see a recreation of a Great War trench system, new and exciting artifacts, and hear the thunder of a WWI artillery barrage.

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Museum Store Sunday

The Texas Military Forces Museum will be one of 10 museum stores in Austin taking part in Museum Store Sunday on November 25, 2018. We will be offering 25% off everything in our gift shop on the 25th. You  can be entered in a prize drawing if you purchase items at 3 or more stores. See below for more details.

Press Release

November 1, 2018 – Austin, TX – The Austin Museum Store Collective has announced the local museums that will participate in the second annual Museum Store Sunday on Sunday, November 25.  Timed to the start of the holiday shopping season, Museum Store Sunday is a one-day event featuring special discounts, promotions, and giveaways at participating museum stores and gift shops.

More than 700 Museum Stores representing museums and cultural institutions in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, ten countries, and three continents will offer sales and discounts as part of this year’s event, including these popular local destinations:

  • Blanton Museum of Art* (200 E Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Austin, TX 78712)
  • Bullock Texas State History Museum* (1800 Congress Ave, Austin, TX 78701)
  • Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center* (4801 La Crosse Ave, Austin, TX 78739)
  • LBJ Presidential Library* (2313 Red River St, Austin, TX 78705)
  • National Museum of the Pacific War (340 E Main St, Fredericksburg, TX 78624)
  • Science Mill (101 South Lady Bird Lane, Johnson City, TX, 78636)
  • Texas Capitol Gift Shop* (1400 N. Congress Ave or 112 E. 11th Street, Austin, TX 78701)
  • Texas Historical Commission* (220 2nd Street, San Felipe, TX 77473)
  • Texas Military Forces Museum* (2200 W 35th St Building 6, Austin, TX 78703)
  • Thinkery* (1830 Simond Ave., Austin, TX 78723)

To celebrate Museum Store Sunday, several local venues will be offering 25% storewide discounts all day, with additional promotions and “flash” sales throughout. Patrons can review a complete list of sales and special offers at MuseumStoreSundayATX.com.

Visitors can also pick up a free Passport Card. Shoppers who get the passport stamped at three or more participating gift shops between now and Museum Store Sunday will be entered in a random drawing for an Austin museum prize package, valued at over $200, that includes free museum memberships and assorted merchandise.

“Museum Store Sunday gives people a chance to support local businesses, support the community through local non-profit museums, find unique holiday gifts, and enjoy an entertaining and educational experience at their favorite museums, all at the same time,” said Thinkery store manager Vanessa Smith. “We’re very pleased to partner with so many other wonderful local destinations to make this a fun and worthy option for Austin holiday shoppers and families.”

Holiday shoppers will find quality gifts filled with inspiration and educational value and, through their purchases, directly support their favorite museums.  Proceeds from purchases at museum stores support the missions and programming of those museums, and foster appreciation and knowledge of art, nature, culture, science, and history throughout our community.

Full details of the sales and discounts available locally can be found at MuseumStoreSundayATX.com or on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/events/298321630764097/.  Shoppers are encouraged to share their favorite discoveries on social media using the hashtags #MuseumStoreSunday and #BeAPatron.

 

For more information, please contact Blair Newberry at (512) 721-0259 or blair@lbjfoundation.org.

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Amazon Smile

Purchase with purpose. Amazon donates to Texas Military Forces Museum when you shop for back to school supplies at Amazon Smile

Its back to school time and when you shop on Amazon for school supplies or anything else you can help out the Texas Military Forces Museum by choosing us when you shop on Amazon Smile. Just click on the link and sign with your Amazon ID. Then choose
“Texas Military Forces Museum” as your charitable organization. With any purchase your make Amazon will donate to the museum. Nothing is added to your total, the money is provided by Amazon.

So shop with a purpose and help support the Texas Military Forces Museum.

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Artifact Spotlight–Italian Coins

This small collection of coins was donated in 2001 and is part of the current museum staff’s ongoing effort to catalog previously unrecorded artifacts in the museum collection. The coins only had a donation date and that they were associated with a 36th Infantry Division soldier but they still have an interesting story to tell.

The top left coin is a 3 Grana coin dated 1810 and came from Naples, Italy.

The top right coin is a 3 Tornesi coin dated 1648 and came from the Neapolitan Republic.

The 2 bottom coins are both variations of the same Roman Republic coin and date from 200-100 BCE.

The front of the coins have Janus, the two faced god for whom January is named.

The back of the coins have a prow of a ship and this one has the visible letters ‘RD”, possibly for TVRD. The coin is a very thick bronze, 40mm. The other Roman Republic coin appears to be all copper.

The 3 older coins all have wear consistent with being buried. While we don’t know the exact story of these coins it is easy to image a 36th soldier resting in a field after the difficult landings at Salerno on September 9th 1943 and seeing something glint in the sunlight and picking up the 3 grana coin. Or during the long, wet winter of 1943/44 our soldier is digging a foxhole, trying to get a little cover from the constant artillery bombardment and finding one of the Roman coins buried in the dirt.

We don’t know why the soldier chose to keep these old coins; possibly as souvenirs to send home to a kid brother or sister or maybe his own young child, or maybe as a memento for his own collection or a sweetheart or wife back home. Did he feel a connection to those long ago Italians who had lived and maybe fought and died on the same soil? Was he injured? Did he make it back home or were these part of the effects sent back to the family of a fallen soldier. We will likely never know the answers to these questions but we can imagine the soldier and see him in films like “A Walk in the Sun” or “The Story of G.I. Joe” both of which were based on the 36th Infantry Division in WWII and we can remember his service and sacrifice told through the objects he left behind.

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Over There- 1918

To commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the 36th Infantry Divisions service in WWI we present “Over There-1918” A Living History program of the “Great War” experience of the US soldier.

On October 7, 1918, the newly created 36th Infantry Division entered combat for the first time as part of the French 4th Army, which was advancing on the left flank of the U.S. 1st Army during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.  Over the next 24 days the division would break the German lines near the village of St. Etienne and then pursue the enemy to Aisne River, where the 36th would smash a German bridgehead near Foret Farm.  On October 6-7, 2018 the Texas Military Forces Museum will commemorate the centennial of the 36th Infantry Division’s combat debut on the Western Front with a special WWI battle reenactment. This event will allow visitors to see some of the most common weapons of the First World War in action including a fully restored and operational F17 tank, a French 75 mm artillery piece, a U.S. 3-inch field gun, an MG 08 “Maxim” machine gun, an Austrian Schwarzlose machine gun and a variety of rifles and other weapons.  American, German and French troops using period equipment and wearing correct uniforms will demonstrate the tactics employed by the victorious Allied powers during the brutal final month of combat in the Great War. We invite you to join us as we recall the service and sacrifice of American doughboys in the “War to End All Wars.”

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