36th Division in World War I

Chapter II:
The Formation of the 36th Division
Continued

FOOTNOTES

1. Star-Telegram, July 26, 27, 28, August 5, 1917.

2. Daily Oklahoman, August 19, 1917; Star-Telegram, August 11, 18, 19, 22, 1917.

3. Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who In American History—The Military, 218; West Point Alumni Foundation, Inc., Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy (Civil War Centennial Edition—II, 1965), 272; Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, from Its Organization September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903 (2 vols., Washington, 1903),1, 472-473; Star-Telegram, August 10, 17, 22,24, 1917, March 24,1918; Daily Oklahoman, August 17,1917; Hill, History of the National Guard, 264-265; Lonnie J. White, "Major General Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, No. 1 (1978), 9.

4. War Journal for 36th Division, Historical File, Roster of Officers, June 18, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who in American History- The Military, 51; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 630; Hill, History of the National Guard, 274-275, 295-297; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 61-62; Star-Telegram, August 25, 26, 27, September 2, October 7, 1917, April 28, 1918.

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5. Star-Telegram, August 25, 27, 28, 30, September 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 13, October 11, 12, 17, 1917; Daily Oklahoman, August 3 1, September 9, 16, October 17, 1917; Crowell and Wilson, Road to France, 1, 33,11, 538-539. As indicated in the text, the veteran Guard organizations journeyed to Camp Bowie from federal or state camps and the recently-recruited units from designated locations in Texas and Oklahoma. The case of the three 7th Texas Infantry companies recruited at Wichita Falls provides an example of the activity at the collection points. Men recruited at Wichita Falls were sent home to await results of physicals and notification to report at that place for entrainment to Fort Worth. Early in August the Guardsmen were ordered to come in only to learn that Camp Bowie was not ready to receive them. The Wichita Falls Chamber of Commerce raised money to maintain them and housed them in private homes, barn lofts, cabins on Lake Wichita, street cars, and other places. Regular Army officers mustered them into federal service mainly by giving them another physical examination. Upon learning they were to leave soon, the town gave them a "street party" which lasted from dusk to midnight. Early in September the Guardsmen departed for Camp Bowie where they were issued uniforms, canvas bed sacks, and folding tents and assigned to quarters. Archibald Hart, Company K of Yesterday (New York, 1969), 10-12.

6. Tables of organization numerical totals varied slightly during World War I. The figures given here are from Hill, History of the National Guard, 263-264, who states that his figures are for the autumn of 1918. They comport closely with the round numbers given in the 1917 sources relating to the 36th Division.

7. Daily Oklahoman, August 17, September 9, October 7, 1917; Star-Telegram, September 2, 1917; Hill, History of the National Guard, 264-267.

8. War Journal for 36th Division, National Archives; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 8-10; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 13-16; Star-Telegram, September 19, 24, 1917; Daily Oklahoman, September 9, 1917.

9. Lelia McDugal, Up Hill and Down: A History of the Texas National Guard (Waco, 1966), 2; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who In American History-The Military, 374; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 532-576; Roster of Officers, June 18, September, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 35; Star-Telegram, October 6, 7, November 18, 1917, February 3, 24, March 9, 1918; Raymond S. McLain Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Library, Norman.

10. Bloor to Barden, January 23, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 11; Star-Telegram, May 19, September 28, 30, October 2, 6, 10, 12, 13, November 14, 1917, July 5, September 8, November 28, 1918, March 8, 19, 22, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, July 29, September 16, 27, October 26, 1917.

11. Star-Telegram, August 3 1, October 20, 3 1, November 4, 5, December 5, 14, 16, 27, 1917, January 8, April 28, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, September 9, October 7, 10, 31, 1917; Dallas Morning News (Texas), May 30,1918; AG of the Army to Colonel Morrow, War Department, January 31, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Hill, History of the National Guard, 274; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 15, 23; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 12-13; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who in American History-The Military, 262.

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12. Star-Telegram, December 12, 27, 1917, January 7, 20, February 8, 23, March 3, 17, April 19, 20, 23, 24, 27, 28, May 12, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, July 14, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, November 11, 1917, June 2, 30, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirtysixth," 21; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 55; Maurice Matloff (gen. ed.), American Military History (Washington, 1969), 377.

13. Donaldson to AG of the Army, December 19, 1917, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, September 1, 7, October 13, 23, 24, 27, 30, 31, November 1, 8, 1917; Daily Oklahoman, September 30, October 26, 1917; Statesman October 13, 1917; Hill, History of the National Guard, 268,273.

14. "Memorandum No. 62, Camp Bowie, March 3, 1918, Supplemental File, Personnel War Experiences, Telegram of Greble to AG of the Army, February 20, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Weigley, History of the United States Army, 357; Star-Telegram, January 7, 26, February 3, 4, 6, 11, 12, 21, 22, 24, March 17, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, October 28, 1917.

15. Daily Oklahoman, February 25, March 10, 14, 1918; Star-Telegram, January 8, 18, 20, 25, February 3, 22, March 12, 17, 24, 1918; Division Surgeon to Commanding General, February 3, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Hill, History of the National Guard, 279; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 67.

16. Star-Telegram, October 19, 1917, March 17, May 4, 21,26,27,28,29,30, June 2, 7, 21, 26, July 12, 16, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, June 2, 16, 1918; Statesman, August 4, 1917; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 38.

17. Star-Telegram, October 7,27, November 11, 14,1917, March 24, May 19, June 11, 16, September 21, December 22, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 13-14, 30; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 17.

18. Daily Oklahoman, July 8, October 12, 28, November 4, 17, 18,1917, February 2, May 5, June 7, 16, 1918; Star-Telegram, October 27, 1917; White, "Indian Soldiers of the 36th Division," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XV, 9-14.

19. Star-Telegram, November 11, December 23, 1917, January 3, June 19, 1918.

20. Daily Oklahoman, August 19, 1917, January 17, February 10, March 5, 1918; Star-Telegram, October 9, November 8, 29, December 2, 1917, January 6, 26, 27, February 2, 3, 7, 11, April 13, May 5, 12, 24, June 30, July 12,1918; Burges Papers, Archives, University of Texas.

21. Star-Telegram, January 17, June 16, 1918, January 5, February 16, June 29, 1919. Roland T. Allen is not listed among the men killed in action in Chastaine, Story of the 36th, but according to the Star-Telegram, February 16, 1919, he died of wounds received in battle. Chastaine gives the first name of Roland’s brother as "Phillips."

22. Daily Oklahoman, November 25, 1917; Star-Telegram, October 23, November 2, 25, 1917, March 31, April 21, 28, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 11, 22; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 61.

23. Daily Oklahoman, June 17, October 17, 1917, February 17, March 10, 1918; Star-Telegram, September 30, 1917, June 23, 1918; Memorandum No. 130, Camp Bowie, December 5, 1917, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives.

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24. "Sammies" as a nickname for the troops was superseded overseas by "Doughboys."

25. Star-Telegram, October 7, 1917; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 14.

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Panthers to Arrowheads: The 36th (Texas-Oklahoma) Division In World War I
by Lonnie J. White
Copyright 1984 1998 by Military History Associates, Inc.
All Rights Reserved - Reprinted by Permission
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