36th Division in World War I

Chapter IV
From Texas to the Marne
Continued

FOOTNOTES

1Medical History of the 142nd Infantry. War Journal for 36th Division, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Star-Telegram, November 12, 1917, July 5, 9, II, 16, November 19, December 7, 1918, January 21, 1919; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 28; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 27; William F. Seward, "Leaves From a Camp Librarian’s Notebook." Bookman, XLVIII (November, 1918), 280-281; White, "Edwin St. John Greble," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XIV, 18, 20, note~. Greble went to Philadelphia from Camp Bowie, subsequently gave his address as Washington, D. C., was advanced to major general, retired, in 1930, and died in New Jersey in 1931.

2E.C. Toy and T. F. Poynor, Brief History of the 111th Field Signal Battalion, Trail Log, May 1, 1919, Tillman Collection, Archives, Texas State Library, Austin; Regimental History of the 111th Regiment Engineers, Medical History of the 142nd Infantry, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Letter of John A. White, July 16, 1918, in possession of author; Daily Oklahoman, March 9, 1919; Star-Telegram, July 31, December 31, 1918, January 5, 1919; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 89, 132; Hart, Company K, 40-43; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 28-29; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 29, 37; Crowell and Wilson, Road to France, I, 35, 43, 48, 96-103, 116-117, 171, 178, 187-207, 240; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 160-161, 226.

3Arrow Head, February 27,1919; Daily Oklahoman, July 7, 1918; Star-Telegram, July 13, September 11, 1918; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 29, 629; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who in American History— The Military, 541; West Point Alumni Foundation, Inc., Register of Graduates (Cullum Memorial Edition, 1970), 293; William R. Smith clippings, Special Collections, Joint Universities Libraries, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; Lonnie J. White, "Chief of the Arrowheads: Major General William R. Smith and the 36th Division in France, 1918-1919," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XVI, No. 3 (1982), 149-151.

4War Journal for 36th Division, National Archives; Star-Telegram, September 20, 21[22], 1918, January 9, 1919; Crowell and Wilson, Road to France, I, 203-205; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 30; Association of Graduates, U.S. Military Academy, Register ofGraduates(1977ed.), 299; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who in American History—the Military, 51.

5Diary of the 111th Ammunition Train, Toy and Poynor, Brief History of the 111th Field Signal Battalion, Hatchet, printed on George Washington, July 19-20, 1918, Tillman Collection, Archives, Texas State Library, Austin; War Journal for [120] 36th Division, Historical File, Special Orders No. 209, Services of Supply, August 1, 1918, HQ, Decimal File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Questionnaire of Powell, World War I Survey, 36th Division, U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania; Letter of John A. White, July 31, 1918, in possession of author; Daily Oklahoman, September 1, 1918, March 9, 1919; Star-Telegram, August 18, 30, September 1, 13, 19, 22, December 13, 1918, January 1, 2,9, 10, 12, 17, 26, March 9, 1919; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 31-36; Hart, Company K, 44-48; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 112; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 89, 100, 124; Crowell and Wilson, Road to France, II, 311-330, 438, 441, 487-491, 613414; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 152; Thomas G. Frothingham, The Naval History of the World War: The United States in the War, 1917-1918 (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1927), 206-207, 223-228.

6Daily Oklahoman, December 22, 1918, January 12, March 9, 1919; Star-Telegram, August 2, 5, 6, 21, 30, September 19, October 25, December 5,22, 1918, January 1, 9, 12, 1919; Toy and Poynor, Brief History of the 111th Field Signal Battalion; Crowell and Wilson, Demobilization, 11, 16-17; Cutchins and Stewart, History of the Twenty-ninth Division, 73; Pershing, My Experiences in the World War, I, 109, 299, 321, II, 141, 200-201; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 31; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 36-37; Hart, Company K, 48-52; Letter of John A. White, July 31, 1918, in possession of author; Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 152; Frederick Palmer, John J. Pershing, General of the Armies (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1948), 146.

7Diary of the 111th Ammunition, Trail Log, May 1, 1919, Tillman Collection, Archives, Texas State Library, Austin; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 37, 110; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 356-358; Star-Telegram, December 31, 1918, January 1, March 9, 21, 1919; American Battle Monuments Commission, 36th Division: Summary of Operations in the World War (Washington, 1944), 21-22; Edward M. Coffman, The Hilt of the Sword: The Career of Peyton C. March (Madison, Wisconsin, 1966), 89. According to Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 99, the famous Texas writer J. Frank Dobie served as a second lieutenant in the 131st Field Artillery Regiment.

8Star-Telegram, August 29, October 12, 25, November 26, December 29, 1918, January 5,9, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, October 6, 1918, March 9, 1919; Regimental History of the 111th Regiment Engineers, War Journal for 36th Division, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Hart, Company K, 55-56; Jary (ed.), Camp Bowie, 117; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 40-41; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 32; William J. Wilgus, Transporting the A.EF. in Western Europe, 1917-1919 (New York, 1931), 264-269, 404-407.

9Program of Training (First Phase) for 36th Division, transmitted August 9, 1918, The Services of the Thirty-sixth Division with the American Expeditionary Forces, July, 1918, to May, 1919, Medical History of the 142nd Infantry, Regimental History of the 111th Engineers, Historical File, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Daily Oklahoman, October 6, 1918, January 12, March 16, 1919; Star-Telegram, August 30, December29, 1918, June 16, 1919; Letter of John A. White, September 5, 1918, in possession of author; Pershing, My Experiences in the World War, I, 258-259; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 34-37; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 52-55; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 81-84; Vandiver, Life and Times of John J. Pershing, II, 769.

10 [121] War Journal for 36th Division, Services of the Thirty-sixth Division, July, 1918, to May, 1919, National Archives; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 33-35, 585; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 49-51; Star- Telegram, October 20, November 26, 1918; Daily Oklahoman, March 16, 1919. The figures in the above segment correct and enlarge upon those given in White, "Major General William R. Smith and the 36th Division in France," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XVI, 153.

11Correspondence relating to General Hutchings, August, September, October, November, 1918, GHQ, Inspector General, General Correspondence, RG 120, AEF Records, National Archives; Palmer, Pershing, 134, 216, 219, 330-331; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 330; Vandiver, life and Times of John J. Pershing, II, 793-795; Laurence Stallings, The Doughboys: The Story of the AEF, 1917-1918 (New York, 1963), 178, 208, 339.

12Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 630; Marquis Who’s Who, Who Was Who in American History—The Military, 634; West Point Alumni Foundation, Inc., Register of Graduates (1970ed.), 296. Whitworth, Hulen, and others credited with Silver Stars prior to 1932, when the medal was authorized, presumably received them retroactively, which was permissible. See the discussion relating to medals in The Medal of Honor of the United States Army (Washington, 1948), 460.

13Services of the Thirty-sixth Division, July, 1918, to May, 1919, War Journal for 36th Division, National Archives; J. D. Hittle, The Military Staff: Its History and Development (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1961), 210-213; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 532-533; White, "Major General William R. Smith and the 36th Division in France," Military History of Texas and the Southwest, XVI, 152-154.

14Peyton C. March, The Nation At War(Westport, Connecticut, 1970), 258-26 1; Hill, History of the National Guard, 269-271; Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences (New York, 1964), 51-73; Star-Telegram, August 1, 2, September 20, October 24, November 26, 1918, April 23, 26, 1919; War Journal for 36th Division, National Archives. A close examination of the strength figures utilized in this study causes one to suspect that the 36th arrived in France somewhat more understrength or lost more men through transfer after its arrival than indicated in the sources seen by the author.

15Frothingham, American Reinforcement in the World War, 152, 229-299;Coffman, War To End All Wars, 121-186, 212-284; Palmer, Pershing, 183-297, 309-311; Cyril Falls, The Great War (New York, 1959), 331-416; Pershing, My Experiences in the World War, II, 144, 192, 207-294; MacArthur, Reminiscences, 62-64; Frederick Palmer, America in France (New York, 1918), 1-440; George Wythe, A History of the 90th Division (n.p., 1920), 21-76, 133-140.

16Regimental History of the 111th Engineers, National Archives; Report of the Secretary of War to the President, 1926 (Washington, 1926), 201; Star-Telegram, December 29, 1918, February 2, June 22, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, December 22, 1918, January 12, March 16, 1919; Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 336-338. The casualty figures are those given by the Secretary of War in 1926. Spence set the losses at one killed and nine wounded while the regimental history recorded eight casualties.

17Spence, "History of the Thirty-sixth," 37-51; Toyand Poynor, Brief History of the 111th Field Signal Battalion; Medical History of the 142nd Infantry, Services [122] of the Thirty-sixth Division, July, 1918, to May, 1919, Colonel Bloor, Operations of the 142nd Infantry, Statement of Lieut. Col. Hawley, Historical File, General Smith, Report of Operations of the 36th Division with the French Armies, Sept. 26, to Oct.29, GHQ, G-3 Reports, 36th Division, AEF Records, RG 120, National Archives; Palmer, Pershing, 307; March, The Nation At War, 259; Pershing, My Experiences in the World War, 11,324-325; Coffman, War To End All Wars, 297-298; Coffman, Hilt of the Sword, 88-94; Chastaine, Story of the 36th, 286; StarTelegram, June 16, 17, 15, 1919; Daily Oklahoman, March 16, 1919; Letter of John A. White, October 12, 1918, in possession of author; Letter of Alton C. Poe, September 29, 1918, 36th Division, U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

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Panthers to Arrowheads: The 36th (Texas-Oklahoma) Division In World War I
by Lonnie J. White
Copyright 1984 1998 by Military History Associates, Inc.
All Rights Reserved - Reprinted by Permission
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