WWII Poisonous Gas Education Posters

The museum has all kinds of artifacts and documents, from tanks and weapons, to uniform and equipment, to documents, to training aids. These four posters were produced during WWII as training aids to teach soldiers about poison gas which has been used extensively during WWI. In addition to their historic importance they also represent the artistic media of the time.

Phosgene:

Usually a colorless gas, poisonous at room temperature, also used to make plastics and pesticides. A suffocating agent it was one of the main gas killers of soldiers during WWI.

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Mustard Gas:

Also known as “Sulfur Mustard” it causes blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. It has been used in warfare as recently as 1988.

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Lewisite:

A blistering agent like Mustard Gas, Lewisite contains arsenic. It became obsolete in the 1950’s and the last stockpile was destroyed in 2012

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Chlorpicrin:

Used in agriculture as a soil fumigant, Chlorpicrin has been used in warfare and for riot control. It is similar in nature to tear gas.

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Early T-Patch Insignia

The distinctive insignia which represents the 36th Infantry Division is called the “T-Patch”. It was first approved  by the military on November 12, 1918 but not adopted by the 36th until January 16, 1919.

Here is the original drawing submitted to the National Archives

36thDiv-Lone-Star-0001The original T-Patch was very irregular as noted above, there was not a standard design. The museum has many original WWI era T-Patches in the collection and they show the variety of designs being used by the 36th Infantry Division during 1919 and the early 1920’s  The design began to be standardized between WWI and WWII in the 1920’s and 1930’s.  As can be seen in the last 2  pictures at the bottom of this post.

pickettsclothing purpleheartpatch Williamspatchofficer1patch officer2patch overcoat1 overcoat2 overcoat3

muckleroypatch loosepatch lemapatch burtonpatch browncanvaspatch

overcoat4overcoat5 The T-Patch on the right of the  picture above is the one which would be used from 1940 through 1968 when the 36th Infantry Division was replaced with the 49th Armored Division. When the 36th was reflagged in 2004 the T-Patch returned with that same design, but with different versions, such as a desert tan one, and a black, subdued version.

Armor Restoration

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In addition to all the exhibits and equipment we have inside the Texas Military Forces Museum we have over 1 acre of historic vehicles and equipment outside on Armor and Artillery Row or out by the Parade Field ( what you see from MOPAC). This equipment after years of being  subjected to the brutal Texas weather, needs some TLC and we have been working on getting that started in the last year.

The 4 pieces of armor up above are getting ready for the move to M.A.T.E.S in Waco for restoration! The M113’s and M114’s vehicles date to the 1960-70 time frame and probably haven’t had a paint job in 30+ years. One the restoration is complete they will return to Armor Row.

This is part of an ongoing project in which soldiers here at Camp Mabry’s shop or at the machine shop in Waco are working to restore all of our outdoor equipment. They have already worked to restore the Chaffee

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and the Duster

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The M1 Abrams will also be headed to M.A.T.E.S with the M113/M114s next week. We hope to have all of the outdoor equipment restored or at least repaired and repainted in the next 2 years.